There are some experiences in the world that almost anyone can encounter, such as a cold. About 200 types of viruses cause the disease, and there are about as many home remedies for it.
But do they really work?
The basic premise of every home remedy is to boost our immune system.
When a virus enters our body, it is faced with two types of defense systems: the natural immune system tries to drive out invading cells, while the adaptive system attacks certain diseased parts of the body and replaces them, the body can fight them.
Cucumber or chickenpox therefore only appears once, while the common cold, which changes shape as soon as it is passed on from person to person, confuses our memory cells.
You all know that our habits and our diet affect the strength of our immune system.
Charles Bingham, director of the Infectious Diseases Department at Imperial College London, says that if people are deficient in vitamins or minerals in healthy people, our immune systems are damaged makes little difference.
“If you are missing some important nutrients like vitamins, zinc or iron, supplementing with this particular substance is very helpful,” he says. However, if you have a balanced diet, adding more of these things won’t make your immune system more effective.
However, research has shown it makes a difference in treating colds.
Most of the research has focused on supplements, not just foods. In fact, there’s no authoritative research to show that chicken soup is really comforting or makes a difference.
One such popular home remedy is the use of garlic, so it can be useful.
One study found 146 healthy adults given an extra dose of garlic or a placebo (a harmless substance given as medicine) every day for 12 weeks during the winter. Of those who took a placebo, 65 had the flu, which lasted 366 days, while those who used garlic had the flu for just 24, 111 days.
Another supplement is vitamin C that people use when they have cold symptoms.
After some research, this may help, but not as much as you think.
29 According to a research study, vitamin C supplements do not significantly reduce the risk of colds or the severity of symptoms.
However, it was also found that its use reduced the incidence of colds in children by 14% and in adults by 8%. Researchers have concluded that this supplement is harmless, so it should be used to see if it helps.
Maltese juice may be less useful: there is no evidence that malt juice relieves colds, painful symptoms, or shortens the duration of colds.
Harry Hemla, a health researcher and author at the University of Helsinki, says this is because it doesn’t contain as much vitamin C as diet supplements.
According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, a standard small bottle of Maltese juice contains 72 mg of vitamin C. This is much higher than the recommended daily allowance of 40 mg but still lower than many supplements.
Then there is zinc. A study looking at the effects of an extra dose of zinc on the flu found that it reduced runny and stuffy noses by up to three-thirds, sneezing by 22%, and coughing severity by 50%.
The study concluded that an additional dose of 80 mg of zinc per day could result in a cold within 24 hours of the onset of flu symptoms.
However, Harry Hemla believes research is needed to fully recover from a cold, not to determine the duration of symptoms that people stopped studying before they fully recovered and severe colds.
Their study of 199 cold sufferers found that those who received extra doses of zinc recovered three times faster.
Scientists generally say that vitamins and minerals are best used in food rather than supplements. However, they also say it’s easier to get high doses of vitamin C through dietary supplements.
When it gets cold, apricot juice and when it gets hot, syrup
But Harry Hamla says the opposite is true for zinc. Zinc lozenges are more effective than common pills or zinc supplements at preventing colds.
They say that zinc lozenges slowly dissolve in the throat and this has a zinc effect. “We don’t know what the biochemical aspect of this effect is. But according to research, large lozenges were used to make the zinc lozenges effective, which dissolve in your mouth in 30 minutes. ‘
Additionally, the researchers couldn’t tell if people were deficient in vitamin C or zinc when they started taking it.
That said, the extra food that was ingested to treat a cold actually enabled some people to make up for the deficiency they already had.
According to a study, people who believe that an herbal remedy found in North America is useful as a herbal remedy for cold prevention are compared to those who don’t believe in treating this herb as cold.
Milk causes phlegm for a long time when it is cold, but it doesn’t. But according to one study, people who believe milk produces phlegm have difficulty breathing after drinking milk.
Felicity Bishop, Associate Professor of Health Psychology at the University of Southampton, says placebos are often used during clinical trials under medical supervision.
Research has shown that the strength of the placebo pill is based on a relationship of trust between the patient and the healthcare professional, someone who is caring and can offer treatment with confidence, she says.
“And it’s just like what our parents did to us when we were kids,” he said. The type of relationship is more important here than the individual.
According to Professor Bishop, the effects of a placebo can be more effective on trusted friends and family.
Knowing that home remedies are harmless and will not necessarily eliminate the symptoms of the disease. “Open-label placebo, if a doctor tells a patient that it is harmless, some people will be affected and they may be better,” he said.
Another source of comfort can be eating. Nutritionist Sarah Schenker says that eating chicken soup can make you feel better when you have a cold, for example.
Rather than how much vitamin C we store, winter disease risk varies from person to person, including how much we believe in placebo, but it’s down to our genes.
“Some people’s genes are susceptible to certain diseases. It is even more important to understand that we are genetically different from one another. Some people don’t know when they have the flu, while others know it is severe. It is, to some extent, determined by our genes what has the greatest effect.
People with healthy immune systems have no choice but to resort to counterfeit drugs to fight winter outbreaks. However, some zinc products and garlic have some benefits.